It contains the following collections:

- Archaic stelae,

- Portraits of Roman emperors,

- Relief funeral banquets,

- Pottery spanning the period between the 9th and the 2nd centuries B.C.

The most important items of the exhibition are:

- Marble statue of seated Aiakes. According to the inscription, it was dedicated to Hera by Aiakes, father of Polycrates, as a tithe of the wealth he acquired by piracy. It was found at the Pythagoreion and dates from ca. 540 B.C.,

- Marble monumental sarcophagus in the shape of a temple, dated to the second half of the 6th century B.C.,

- Small poros grave stele. It is crowned with a palmette and bears the iscription "Diagoras of Delos". Dated to 530 B.C.,

- Marble grave stele crowned with a palmette. It was found at Chora and dates from 500/490 B.C.,

- Statue of the emperor Trajan. Marble, larger-than-life statue of the Roman emperor (height 2.71m.),

- Marble portrait of Augustus (height 0.49m.),

- Marble portrait of Claudius (height 0.53m.).