The prehistoric settlement of Archontikon was undoubtedly the most important in the region of Pella. During the Hellenistic and Roman periods, the site was under the control of Pella, first as the capital city of the Macedonian kingdom and later, as a Roman colony.

The systematic excavations of the site began in 1992 and are still carried out by the 17th Ephorate in collaboration with the Department of Prehistory of the Aristoteleian University of Thessalonike.