The grave of the Thebans was excavated in 1879 and the Magoula Balomenou in 1902-4 by G.Soteriadis.

The most important monuments are:

- The Lion of Chaironeia, marble funerary monument (5,5 m. high) which marked the communal grave of the Sacred Band of Thebans that was crushed (338 B.C.) in the battle with Philip B/ of Macedonia. It was discovered in 1818 in pieces and was restored on a plinth 3 m. high.

- Ancient theater, curved at the rock.

- The Acropolis with fortification walls of the hellenistic period and ancient theatre with its cavea hewn in the rock.

The finds from the excavations at Chaironeia are exhibited in the local museum.