Efforts for the revival of the Olympic Games in modern times reached a peak at the end of the 19th century with the
instrumental contribution of the French Baron Pierre De Coubertin and the Greek Dimitrios Vikelas.
The first contemporary Olympic Games took place with great glamour in 1896 in Athens, in the Panathenaic Stadium.
The head quarters of the International Olympic Academy are in Olympia
Also in Olympia is the altar of the Olympic flame, which is transferred every four years to the city that hosts the Olympic Games. The lighting of the flame takes place at the altar of the Temple of Hera and it is done with the convergence of sunlight onto a metal reflector. This process is part of a ritual combination that includes the prayer and the hymn to Apollo. The high priestess enters the stadium holding the lit torch which she then hands over to the first runner in order for it to start its long journey to the ends of the earth.