- Pre-dynastic period
This unit, which covers the Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods (5000-3100 BC), contains mostly stone artefacts, such as tools and weapons, including a head-basher, vases and cosmetics containers. There is also ivory jewelry, and ceramic vases.
- Early Dynastic period
This unit contains objects dating to the first two Egyptian Dynasties (3100-2650 BC). This period is characterized by the establishment of pharaonic power and the appearance of writing. The display is dominated by the stone statues of pharaohs, civilians and sacred animals, such as the impressive black granite hippopotamus statue. Stone vases and vessels, and ivory artefacts complete the display.
- Old Kingdom
These exhibits cover the second half of the third millennium BC, a period of powerful pharaohs who led Egypt in a great floruit. The display presents sculptural development and is dominated by impressive funerary statues of pharaohs, men and women, scribes and servants.
- Middle Kingdom
The display presents a selection of objects dating to 2134-1650 BC, a period of great wealth and artistic refinement. The exhibits include votive statues of civilians, funerary stelai with relief decoration, and grave gifts such as scarabs, small wooden figurines and ship models.
- New Kingdom
The golden age in ancient Egyptian history, which covers the second half of the second millennium BC, is represented here by several impressive statues, alabaster vases, sarcophagi, funerary stelai, mummified animals and part of a statue of the great Pharaoh Ramses II.
- Late Period
These exhibits, which cover the period from the eighth to the fourth centuries BC, although fewer in number are nevertheless rare or even unique. They include bronze statues and statuettes, mostly of kings, and grave gifts.
- Greco-Roman period
This unit covers the Ptolema?c period and the Roman conquest of Egypt (fourth century BC-AD 395). The exhibits include sarcophagi, mummies, the statue of Isis from the temple at Marathon in Attica, and three remarkable Fayoum death-portraits.