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The permanent exhibition of the Epigraphical Museum

The oldest attic stone inscription
The earliest Attic inscription on stone

This small limestone fragment, which was discovered on the Acropolis at the end of the nineteenth century BC, is one of the most remarkable and rare exhibits in the museum. Its restored surface has lightly carved, irregular letters. This inscription, which dates from early historical times (eighth century BC), is one of the earliest examples of Greek writing and the earliest Attic stone inscription. It consists of two lines of text, the first one inscribed from right to left and the second from left to right (boustrophedon). Only two words are preserved making it impossible to reconstruct the text.

Inscription:   - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - ΕΝΚΕΚΑΛ[ΥΠΤΑΙ ?]
- - ΑΝΦ<ΟΤ>ΕΡΟΙΣΙΝ Ε
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Exhibit Features
Date: Early Historical Period, 8th century BC
Place of discovery: Athens, Acropolis
Dimensions: length: 0,081 m, width: 0,015 m, height: 0,082 m
Inventory number: ΕΜ 5365
Exhibition hole: Hall 11 (archaic inscriptions)
Copyright: Hellenic Ministry of Culture
 
 
 
  Suggestive Bibliography
 
Raubitschek A., Dedications from the Athenian Acropolis, 1949, 310
 
Jeffery L.H., The Local Scripts of Archaic Greece, Οξφόρδη, 1990, 69-70
 
 
 
Other views
View of the inscription