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The permanent exhibition of the Epigraphical Museum

Marble inscription on the liberation of slaves
Inscription on the liberation of slaves

This is a typical example of a Classical inscription concerning the liberation of slaves. This stele is preserved in its entirety and its text is carved somewhat clumsily in twelve lines. According to the inscription, Nikon, frees his slave Nikaphorida and her two children, and presents them to the sanctuary of Poseidon at Tainaro together with all of their belongings. In ancient Greece, it was common to liberate slaves out of sympathy or gratitude towards them. To do so, an official liberation act had to be drafted. The liberated slave was symbolically dedicated to a sanctuary, according to the ancient custom of hierodouleia, in order to ensure his freedom and safety.

Inscription:   ΑΝΕΘΕΚΕ
ΤΟΙ ΠΟΗΟΙΔΑΝΙ
ΝΙΚΟΝ
ΝΙΚΑΦΟΡΙΔΑ
ΚΑΙ ΛΥΗΙΠΠΟΝ
ΚΑΙ ΝΙΚΑΡΧΙΔΑΝ
ΚΑΙ ΤΑΥΤΑΣ ΠΑΝΤΑ.
ΕΦΟΡΟΣ ΕΥΔΑΜΙΔΑΣ.
ΕΠΑΚΟΕ ΜΕΝΕΧΑΡΙΔΑΣ,
ΑΝΔΡΟΜΕΔΗΣ
Exhibit Features
Date: Classical period, later 5th - early 4th century BC
Place of discovery: Tainaro, Poseidon sanctuary
Dimensions: length: 0,21 m, width: 0,07 m, height: 0,385 m
Material: marble
Inventory number: ΕΜ 11527
Exhibition hole: 6th Hall
Copyright: Hellenic Ministry of Culture
 
 
 
  Suggestive Bibliography
 
Kircchoff A., Studien zur Geschichte des griechischen Alphabets, 1887, 154
 
Η ελληνική γραφή: κατάλογος έκθεσης, Αθήνα, 2003
 
Η ελληνική γραφή: κατάλογος έκθεσης, Αθήνα, 2003, αρ. 22
 
Ματθαίου Α. Π. (επιμ.), Καττάδε έδοξε τοις Λακεδαιμονίοις. Επιγραφές δημοσίου χαρακτήρα από τη Σπάρτη του 5ου αι. π.Χ., Αθήνα, 2006, 22-23