| Description | | Exhibits |

The Mycenaean Collection

Detail from the bull's capture. The bull is depicted trapped in a net.
Vapheio cups

These are two masterpieces of Creto-Mycenaean metalwork, found together with other precious objects in the Vapheio tholos tomb. One-handled cups with flaring straight sides are a common type of early Mycenaean cup. These gold examples bear remarkable repouss? decoration, which covers their entire surface. On the first cup a bull is captured by peaceful means: a man ties a rope around the bull's leg, while the animal mates with a cow; three grazing bulls complete the composition. The second cup shows one bull caught in a net while another attacks two hunters as a third hunter flees. Two simple bands at the cup's rim and base frame this scene. The compositions are naturalistic. Details were added to the repouss? figures by chasing with a sharp tool at the end of the manufacturing process. They were probably made by the same craftsman, although the first cup is more carefully executed.

Exhibit Features
Date: Late Bronze Age, First half of 15th c. B.C.
Place of discovery: Vafeios
Dimensions: height: 0,078 m, diameter: 0,106 - 0, 107 m
Material: Gold
Inventory number: 1758, 1759
Exhibition hole: Exhibition hall 4
  Suggestive Bibliography
Τσούντας Χρ., "Έρευναι εν τη Λακωνική και ο Τάφος του Βαφειού", Αρχαιολογική Εφημερίς, Αθήνα, 1889, σσ. 130-151, πίν. 7: 1-12, 14, 15, 17 και 9, 10
Kilian-Dirlmeier I., Das Kuppelgrab von Vapheio. Die Beigabenausstattung in der Steinkiste, Jahrbuch des Romisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseums, Mainz, 1987, pp. 197-212
Το Εθνικό Αρχαιολογικό Μουσείο, Αθήνα, 1999, σ. 21
Other views
Cup 1758