| Description | | Exhibits |

The Mycenaean Collection

View of the tablet of Linear B. The text is written within three lines and separated by two horizontal lines.
Tripod tablet

The tablet was uncovered in the Archive room othe Mycenaean palace at Englianos (Pylos). It is leaf-shaped and was found in three pieces, two of which have been burnt. This document consists of three lines of text, separated by two horizontal lines, and was read from left to right. It uses syllabic characters together with ideograms of vases. The text lists cooking vessels, such as the grill (eschara, e-ka-ra), bowl (phiale, pi-je-ra), brazier (pyraustro, pu-ra-u-to-ro) and shovel (cho[s]teria, ko-te-ri-ja), among which the tripod (tripous, ti-ri-po), gives this tablet its name.

Linear B script was in use during the 14th and the 13th cents. BC and forms tre most important source of information for the Mycenaean period. It was deciphered I 1952 by Michael Ventris, an English architect, in cooperation with the classisist John Chadwick. The identification of the ideograms to the corresponding ancient greek words, proved that Linear B was a primitive form of ancient greek.

Clay Linear B tablets have been revealed in the archives of the myceneaean palaces, which were the administrative, financial and religious centres of a broader area, in Crete (Knossos, Chania) and mainland Greece (Mycenae, Pylos, Tiryns, Thebes).

Exhibit Features
Date: Late Bronze Age, 13th c. B.C.
Place of discovery: Pylos, Pylos, Messenia
Dimensions: length: 0,265 m, height: 0,038 m
Material: Clay
Inventory number: 709-712
Exhibition hole: Exhibition hall 4
Copyright: Hellenic Ministry of Culture
  Suggestive Bibliography
Bennett Ε., The Pylos Tablets. Texts of the Inscriptions found 1939-1954, 1955, p. 82
Palmer L.R., The Interpretation of Mycenaean Greek Texts, 1963, p. 29
Δημακοπούλου Κ. (επιμ.), Ο μυκηναϊκός κόσμος. Πέντε αιώνες πρώιμου ελληνικού πολιτισμού, 1600-1100 π.Χ., Αθήνα, 1988, σ. 208, αρ. 182