| Description | | Exhibits |

Permanent exhibition of the Olympia Archaeological Museum

Complex of Centaur and Lapith woman
West pediment of Zeus temple

The pedimental sculptures of the Temple of Zeus are among the finest examples of the Severe Style of the early Classical period. They are the work of an unknown artist, conventionally dubbed the 'creator of Olympia'. The west pediment depicts the battle between the Centaurs and the Lapiths with Apollo at its centre, flanked by Peirithos, king of the Lapiths, and Theseus, the Athenian hero, both fighting the Centaurs. On either side of this central group, Centaurs and Lapiths engage in combat, while reclining Lapith women watch the battle from the angles. Among the groups of Centaurs and Lapiths, the one representing Eurytion, king of the Centaurs, as he grasps young Deidameia, is particularly noteworthy. The composition if full of tension and pathos as the figures move in all directions at the height of this terrific confrontation. The Lapiths are rendered in an idealistic manner, with emphasis on their beauty and ethos, as opposed to the beastly and repugnant Centaurs.

Exhibit Features
Date: Classical period, 470 B.C. - 456 B.C.
Place of discovery: Olympia, The statues were found littered in front of the west front of Zeus temple.
Dimensions: length: 26,39 m (pediment length), height: 3,47 m (maximum)
Material: parian marble, pentelic marble
Inventory number: Λ 65-85
Exhibition hole: Central hall (5)
  Suggestive Bibliography
Olympia III, Berlin, 1894, σσ. 69, 72, 76, 79, 82, 84, 87, 89, 90, 92, πίν. ΧΧΙΙ, ΧXIV, XXVI, XXVIII, XXX, XXXII, XXXIII
Λεονάρδος B., Ολυμπία, Αθήνα, 1911
Ashmole B., Yalouris N., Olympia. The Sculptures of the temple of Zeus, London, 1967
Παπαχατζής Ν., Παυσανίου Ελλάδος περιήγησις: Μεσσηνιακά-Ηλιακά, Αθήνα, 1979, 246-249
Mallwitz A., Herrmann H.V., Die Funde aus Olympia, Αθήνα, 1980, 161-166, Taf. 113-119
Herrmann H.-V., Die Olympia Skulpturen, Αθήνα, 1987
Γιαλούρη Α., Γιαλούρης Ν., Ολυμπία. Το μουσείο και το ιερό, Αθήνα, 1991, σ. 117-129, 140-143
Ανδρόνικος Μ., Ολυμπία. Ο αρχαιολογικός χώρος και το μουσείο, Αθήνα, 2000, 49, 57-61
Αραπογιάννη Ξ., Ολυμπία. Η κοιτίδα των Ολυμπιακών Αγώνων, Αθήνα, 2001, 102-119
Τριάντη Ι., Βαλαβάνης Π., Ολυμπία και Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες. Τα μνημεία τώρα και τότε, Αθήνα, 2004, 89-93
Βικάτου Ολυμπία, Ολυμπία. Ο Αρχαιολογικός Χώρος και τα Μουσεία της., Αθήνα, 2006, 86-93
Γεωργία Εμμ. Χατζή, Το Αρχαιολογικό Μουσείο Ολυμπίας, Αθήνα, 2008
Other views
Detail from the complex of Centaur and Lapith woman
Central figure of the pediment is Apollo, surrounded by Peirithous and Theseas
View of the head of Apollo
Fight between Centaur and Lapith
Diedamea from the complex with Eurition, chief of the centaurs