| Description | | Exhibits |

Permanent exhibition of the Olympia Archaeological Museum

Front, entire view of Paionios Nike
Nike of Paionios

This celebrated statue, a milestone in the development of ancient Greek sculpture, is the earliest known monumental Nike in Greek art and a characteristic example of the Rich Style. The statue stood atop a tall triangular pedestal preserved to this day near the southeast corner of the temple of Zeus. It was dedicated by the people of Messenia and Naupaktos after their victory against the Lacedaemonians at Sphaktiria in 421 BC. The winged goddess is depicted in flight (for the first time in the history of Greek sculpture) as she descends from Mt. Olympus to announce the triumph of her victorious dedicators. Her wings, a large part of the himation billowing behind her and her face are missing. She is light and breezy, draped in a fine chiton originally painted red, which sticks to her body defining in detail her beautiful proportions. Under her feet was an eagle, of which only the head is preserved.

Exhibit Features
Date: Classical period, 421 B.C.
Place of discovery: Olympia, Southeast of Zeus temple
Dimensions: height: 2,90 m, base height: 8,81 m
Material: parian marble
Inventory number: Λ 49
Exhibition hole: Exhibition hall 6
  Suggestive Bibliography
Olympia III, Berlin, 1894, σ. 182, Taf. XLVI-XLVIII
Λεονάρδος B., Ολυμπία, Αθήνα, 1911, 282-287
Dittenberger W., Purgold K., Olympia V, Verlag Adolf M. Hakkert, Amsterdam, 1966, 378-383, αρ. 259
Παπαχατζής Ν., Παυσανίου Ελλάδος περιήγησις: Μεσσηνιακά-Ηλιακά, Αθήνα, 1979, 319-321
Mallwitz A., Herrmann H.V., Die Funde aus Olympia, Αθήνα, 1980, 189-191 Taf. 134 a-b
Γιαλούρη Α., Γιαλούρης Ν., Ολυμπία. Το μουσείο και το ιερό, Αθήνα, 1991, 144-147
Καλτσάς Ν., Ολυμπία, Αθήνα, 1997, 84-85
Ανδρόνικος Μ., Ολυμπία. Ο αρχαιολογικός χώρος και το μουσείο, Αθήνα, 2000, 47
Αραπογιάννη Ξ., Ολυμπία. Η κοιτίδα των Ολυμπιακών Αγώνων, Αθήνα, 2001, 156-159
Τριάντη Ι., Βαλαβάνης Π., Ολυμπία και Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες. Τα μνημεία τώρα και τότε, Αθήνα, 2004, 42-43, 96-97
Βικάτου Ολυμπία, Ολυμπία. Ο Αρχαιολογικός Χώρος και τα Μουσεία της., Αθήνα, 2006, 102-103
  See also
Pedestal of the Nike of Paionios
Other views
Paionios Nike